group learning theory

Collaborative learning theory involves peer-to-peer learning that fosters deeper thinking in the classroom. Collaborative learning theory suggests that group learning helps students develop their higher-level thinking, oral communication, self-management and leadership skills. Students also have the opportunity to build upon their leadership and organizational skills.
Collaborative learning theory is rooted in Lev Vygotsky’s idea, Zone of Proximal Development. Here, learners rely on one another to accomplish tasks that they otherwise wouldn’t be able to complete individually. Collaborative learning is key for developing critical thinking skills, with it suggested that students retain more information when working in groups.

Senior Research Specialist
Center on Education and Training for Employment College of Education The Ohio State University Columbus, OH

References:

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/chp.1340190107
http://journals.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/advan.00132.2015